In order to expand on the direction provided by the IGF’s Mining Policy Framework (MPF), IGF members identified the need for more concrete guidance on managing key issues related to the artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) sector.
The IGF Executive Committee therefore prioritized the elaboration of specific guidance documents for governments as a means to augment the direction provided in the MPF and assist member countries in their implementation of the framework.
Beginning with ASM, guidance documents will be developed across the six areas of the framework (legal and policy environment; financial benefit optimization; socioeconomic benefit optimization; environmental management; post-mining transition; and artisanal and small-scale mining).
Guidance for Governments on Managing ASM:
Building on a series of substantive workshops on issues and leading practice in ASM, the IGF Secretariat launched the development of Guidance for Governments on Managing Artisanal and Small-scale Mining (draft). The aim is to offer strategic guidance to governments on how to best manage ASM, taking into consideration each country’s circumstances. The guidance will provide definitive and comprehensive policy guidance on the full range of issues related to ASM. As ASM is one of the most intractable, multi-faceted and complicated challenges facing mineral development the world over, it is intended for the ASM guidance to serve both as a complement to the MPF and as an expansion of the work undertaken by the IGF to strengthen the contribution of mining to sustainable development.
IGF Workshop at the African Mining Indaba:
The IGF Secretariat hosted a two-day ASM scoping workshop on the margins of the 2015 African Mining Indaba, in Cape Town, which served as the initial step in producing the guidance document to be used by members of the IGF and other actors working in the sector. The workshop provided an opportunity for participants to exchange ideas based on a shared vision for guidance for national and local governments wishing to develop their ASM sector. Suggestions, recommendations and input from the broad range of experiences represented at the two day workshop—including environmental, social, cultural and gender, governmental and technical perspectives—contributed to the first draft of the guidance. The document will be further revised and enhanced based on the online public consultation process. The Indaba workshop report on the draft guidance can be downloaded here for those interested in additional context and information on the discussion that took place in Cape Town, South Africa.
Public Consultation Process:
During 2015 the guidance document underwent a public consultation process that invited input from members and other stakeholders. This process culminated in a full-day consultation workshop held during the 2015 Annual General Meeting.
The outputs of this consultation process are currently being integrated into the draft guidance and the final document was presented to members during the 2016 Annual General Meeting.
List of instruments and initiatives discussed in the Guidance
- Allocate land for ASM
- Facilitate or encourage ASM participation in supply chain initiatives
- ASM zones
- State-sponsored buying scheme
- Licensing, regulation, monitoring and enforcement
- Education and training
- Services and technical assistance to ASM operations and services to ASM workers
- Healthcare or health or life insurance for workers
- Education to workers and workers’ children
- Security provision
- Road and transport infrastructure provision
- Electricity infrastructure provision
- Water infrastructure provision
- Assisted access to credit or insurance
- Provision of geological data, geological expertise and exploration services
- Provision of technical expertise
- Provision of or subsidy of the sale of equipment
- Subsidy of inputs into the mining or processing operations
- Supporting clean processing and government-sponsored processing plants