The IGF’s flagship policy guidance and assessment tool is the Mining Policy Framework (MPF). The MPF lays out international best practices in six key pillars of mining policy and law: the legal and policy environment; financial benefit optimization; socioeconomic benefit optimization; environmental management; mine closure and post-mining transitions; and artisanal and small-scale mining.
MPF Pillar 5: Mine Closure and Post-Mining Transitions
Alec Crawford, IGF Associate
“The post-mining transition is our fifth pillar and this is focused on a few things. So there is, within the MPF, standards relating to the development of mine closure plans. And are those plans required for companies before they are granted permits? What would those plans look like? Are they reviewed and revised on a regular basis throughout the operation of the mine?
Another part of that pillar is about financial assurance. Are there requirements in place to guarantee that the operator of the mine can cover the cost of closure or, at least planning to cover the cost of closure, so that governments aren’t left with abandoned mines should something happen to the operator.
The third part of it is really about this question of abandoned and orphaned mines. Is the government taking a leadership role with regards to these resources and the cleanup of these resources so that they are not simply left to the local communities—that would obviously be detrimental to those local communities.”